Physical Inactivity is the percentage of adults aged 20 and over reporting no leisure-time physical activity. Examples of physical activities provided include running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise.
Decreased physical activity has been related to several disease conditions such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, stroke, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and premature mortality, independent of obesity. Inactivity causes 11% of premature mortality in the United States, and caused more than 5.3 million of the 57 million deaths that occurred worldwide in 2008. In addition, physical inactivity at the county level is related to health care expenditures for circulatory system diseases. Physical activity improves sleep, cognitive ability, and bone and musculoskeletal health, as well as reduces risks of dementia. Physical inactivity is not only associated with individual behavior but also community conditions such as expenditures on recreational activities, access to infrastructure, and poverty.[38, 55]
Community Focus Areas:
- Increasing access to local outdoor recreation by finding funding resources and expansion opportunities for the existing community wide bike path/walking trail master plan, greenway development plan, and paddle (water) trail plan
- Installing and promoting the community’s use of walking tracks at all local schools
- Establishing exercise locations and educational programs to provide appropriate equipment and training in underserved communities
- Supporting and connecting the grants awarded to numerous community efforts to increase access and participation in health-promoting physical activity
Date of Report Vs. Date of Data
Robert Wood Johnson annual reports reflect data from previous year(s) for certain measures. See chart below.