Teen Births is the number of births to females ages 15-19 per 1,000 females in a county.
Evidence suggests teen pregnancy significantly increases the risk of repeat pregnancy and of contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), both of which can result in adverse health outcomes for mothers, children, families, and communities. A systematic review of the sexual risk among pregnant and mothering teens concludes that pregnancy is a marker for current and future sexual risk behavior and adverse outcomes.[28,29] Pregnant teens are more likely than older women to receive late or no prenatal care, and experience eclampsia, puerperal endometritis, systemic infections, low birthweight, preterm delivery, and severe neonatal conditions.[30,31] Pre-term delivery and low birthweight babies have increased risk of child developmental delay, illness, and mortality. Additionally, there are strong ties between teen birth and poor socioeconomic, behavioral, and mental outcomes. Teenage women who bear a child are much less likely to achieve an education level at or beyond high school, much more likely to be overweight/obese in adulthood, and more likely to experience depression and psychological distress.[33-35]
Community Focus Areas:
Expanding evidence-based programming (such as Baby Think It Over and Making Proud Choices) to multiple school locations to provide education and experiences that will support good choices for teenage youth
Establishing a School Based Health Center at Forest Hills Middle School and Beddingfield High School to provide on-site health and wellness evaluations and education for middle and high school youth to promote healthy choices
Establishing and promoting clinic hours designated for teenage boys and girls at the Wilson County Health Department
Identifying adult mentors for at-risk teenage boys and girls in middle school and high school
Supporting and connecting the grants awarded to numerous community efforts to decrease teen pregnancy in Wilson
Wilson County Births
Source: NC State Center for Health Statistics - NCDHHS
Note: Data is measured annually.